Gay and bisexual men and other men who have sex with men are among the small number of groups for whom HIV remains uncontrolled worldwide. Although there have been recent and notable decreases in HIV incidence across several countries, prevalence and incidence is consistently higher or rising among men who have sex with men when compared with other groups. We tested hypothesized correlates selected a priori of successfully achieving each step along the HIV prevention and treatment continuum by fitting separate generalized estimating equation models adjusted for clustering by country in multivariate analyses. All models controlled for ability to meet basic financial needs, age, healthcare coverage, having a regular provider, region and country-level income.
Getting to zero? HIV criminalization and treatment adherence surveillance. Hepatitis C: From discovery to elimination in 40 years? It is one of a series of fact sheets on the epidemiology of HIV and hepatitis C. All epidemiological information is approximate, based on the best available data.
In December a gay man was referred to a London hospital with opportunistic infections indicative of immunosuppression. National surveillance began the following year, in September , with the notification of deaths and clinical reports of AIDS and Kaposi's sarcoma plus laboratory reports of opportunistic infections. Since then epidemiological surveillance systems have evolved, adapting to, and taking advantage of advances in treatments and laboratory techniques. The introduction of the HIV antibody test in led to the reporting of HIV-positive tests by laboratories and the establishment of an unlinked anonymous survey in measuring undiagnosed HIV infection among gay men attending sexual health clinics.
Updated July 02, The prevalence of HIV among gay men in Indonesia has surged from 5 per cent in , to 25 per cent in , despite the Government making inroads against the deadly virus in the broader population. The Human Rights Watch report blames a recent "moral panic" against the LGBT community, which has forced vulnerable people into the shadows, effectively derailing public health outreach and safe-sex education efforts.