A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Migraines are believed to be due to a mixture of environmental and genetic factors. Initial recommended treatment is with simple pain medication such as ibuprofen and paracetamol acetaminophen for the headache, medication for the nausea , and the avoidance of triggers. Migraines typically present with self-limited, recurrent severe headache associated with autonomic symptoms.
Migraine is the third most common disease in the world behind dental caries and tension-type headache with an estimated global prevalence of Migraine affects three-times as many women as men, with this higher rate being most likely hormonally-driven. Research suggests that 3, migraine attacks occur every day for each million of the general population. This equates to over , migraine attacks every day in the UK.
The US Armed Forces also maintains a comprehensive database of medical information. We aimed to identify the most current prevalence estimates of migraine and severe headache in the United States adult civilian and active duty service populations from these national government surveys, to assess stability of prevalence estimates over time, and to identify additional information pertinent to the burden and treatment of migraine and other severe headache conditions. Summary data from the Defense Medical Surveillance System were also obtained, and PubMed was also searched for publications reporting summary statistics based on these studies. Data were abstracted, double-checked for accuracy, and summarized over time periods and as a function of demographic variables. The overall age-adjusted 3-month prevalence of migraine in females was
Headache disorders, characterized by recurrent headache, are among the most common disorders of the nervous system. Headache itself is a painful and disabling feature of a small number of primary headache disorders, namely migraine, tension-type headache, and cluster headache. Headache can also be caused by or occur secondarily to a long list of other conditions, the most common of which is medication-overuse headache.